Melissa Essential Oil
Melissa Essential Oil is often adulterated. Purchase only from reputable sources that test their oils.
Melissa Essential Oil is steam distilled from the leaves and flowers of Melissa officinalis, an herb most commonly referred to as Lemon Balm and sometimes as Bee Balm. Lemon Balm is easy to find and grow. Although the leaves of Lemon Balm are quite aromatic, the leaves and flowers do not yield much essential oil. Therefore, the oil is often adulterated, and true Melissa Essential Oil commands a very high price.
Aromatically, Melissa Essential Oil possesses a wonderfully fresh, lemony, green and slightly herbaceous character. It's a delightful aroma that many find pleasant.
Melissa Essential Oil is comprised of approximately 60% aldehydes and 10% monoterpenols. Citral (geranial and neral) is the key aldehyde present within the oil and is primarily responsible for the oil's beautiful, lemony aroma. There is also around 10% Citronellal present within the oil. Due to its citral content, Melissa Oil needs to be used with care and shouldn't be used above 0.9% in topical applications. Refer to the Safety Information section below for more safety hazard and contraindication information.
Melissa Essential Oil can be helpful for acne and oily skin. Because the essential oil poses a high risk of skin sentisization, however, Melissa Hydrosol can be a much safer and more affordable alternative. I personally find that Melissa Hydrosol is quite helpful in assisting with my oily skin.
Emotionally, Melissa Essential Oil has been praised for its ability to help soothe anxiety and support those with depression. Robbi Zeck writes that "Melissa softens extreme emotions, eases resentment, gladdens the heart and engages the soul in its own graceful rhythm." [Robbi Zeck, ND, The Blossoming Heart: Aromatherapy for Healing and Transformation (Victoria, Australia: Aroma Tours, 2008), 97.]
Common Method of Extraction for Melissa Essential Oil
Plant Part Typically Used
Leaves and Flowers/Buds
Strength of Initial Aroma
Aromatic Description of Melissa Essential Oil
Fresh, lemony, herbaceous.
Melissa Essential Oil Uses
- Sleep Disorders
- Fungal Infections
- Viral Skin Infections
- Menopausal Symptoms
- Anxiety-related Symptoms
Source: Valerie Ann Worwood, The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy, 25th Anniversary Edition (Novato, CA: New World Library, 2016, 605.
Major Constituents of Melissa Essential Oil
- Geranyl Acetate
Source: E. Joy Bowles, The Chemistry of Aromatherapeutic Oils (NSW, Australia: Allen & Unwin, 2003), 196.
Melissa Essential Oil Safety Information
Tisserand and Young precaution that Melissa Essential Oil can pose a drug interaction hazard and that there is a risk of teratogenicity. They precaution against topical use in children and infants under age 2 and for those with hypersensitive/diseased/damaged skin. They recommend a dermal maximum of 0.9%. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 350-351.]
Because this essential oil poses a higher risk of causing irritation and sensitization, it is recommended that it be avoided in the bath, even if it is solubilized/diluted.
General Safety Information
Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. For general dilution information, read AromaWeb's Guide to Diluting Essential Oils. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. Before using this or any essential oil, carefully read AromaWeb's Essential Oil Safety Information page. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.
Important Information About the Profiles
The essential oil information provided on AromaWeb is intended for educational purposes only. The references to safety information, constituents and percentages is generalized information. The data is not necessary complete and is not guaranteed to be accurate. The essential oil photos are intended to represent the typical and approximate color of each essential oil. However, essential oil color can vary based on harvesting, distillation, age of the essential oil and other factors. Profiles for several absolutes are included within the directory, and are denoted as such.
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