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Home Page > Aromatherapy Books > Aromatherapy Science: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals



Aromatherapy Science: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals

Author: Maria Lis-Balchin
, BSc, PhD
Publisher: Pharmaceutical Press
Copyright: 2005
ISBN: 0-85369-578-4

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Published in Great Britian, Aromatherapy Science: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals, is a valuable text and resource for not only healthcare professionals working in traditional medical settings, but it is also an invaluable work for aromatherapy educators, students and laypersons interested in seriously expanding their knowledge of holistic aromatherapy. This book is ideally suited for those that have at least an intermediate background in aromatherapy, but the introductory information does give beginners a good foundation for the more advanced topics covered within this work.

In addition to the eight main chapters contained within the book, Aromatherapy Science: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals also includes over 65 detailed essential oil monographs (profiles), averaging 3.5 pages per profile.

Aromatherapy Science: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals also includes 30 appendices.

Read the comprehensive table of contents shown below to view the extensive number of topics covered within this 462 page text.

Contents for Aromatherapy Science: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals:

  • Preface
  • About the Author
  • Abbreviations
  • Introduction
    • Definitions of Aromatherapy
    • Introduction to Aromatherapy Concepts
    • What is an Aromatherapist?
    • Aromatherapy, Aromatology and Aromachology
    • Aromatherapy Practice in the UK and USA
    • Common Uses of Essential Oils
    • Proven Effects of Essential Oils
    • Unproven Aromatherapeutic Virtues
    • Conclusion
  • Historical Background to Aromatherapy
    • Introduction
    • Incense: Inhalation Effects
    • Scented Plants Used as Incense in Ancient Egypt
    • Uses of Incense
    • Perfume and Cosmetics: Precursors of Cosmetological Aromatherapy
    • Medicinal uses: Precursors of Aromatology or 'Clinical" Aromatherapy
    • Modern Perfumery
    • Conclusion
  • Aromatherapy Practice
    • Introduction
    • Aromatherapy Basics
    • Massage Using Essential Oils
    • Recent Literature Review of the Benefits of Massage
    • Internal Usage of Essential Oils
    • Use of Pure or Synthetic Components
    • Therapeutic Claims for the Application of Essential Oils
    • False Claims Challenged in Court
    • Conclusion
  • Chemistry of Essential Oils
    • Essential Oils: Definition
    • Essential Oil Storage organelles
    • Aetiology of Essential Oil Components
    • Heterogeneity in Bioactivity of the Chemical Groups
    • Variation in Chemical Composition of Natural Essential Oils
    • Variation in Chemical Composition of Natural Essential Oils
    • Organic Essential Oils
    • Extraction of Essential Oils
    • Phytols or Hydrosols or Distillation Waters
    • Yield and Cost of Essential Oils
    • Modification of the Essential Oil
    • Standardisation
    • Adulteration of Essential Oils
    • Conclusion
  • The Bioactivity of Essential Oils
    • Introduction
    • Pharmacological Studies on Essential Oils: in vivo and in vitro
    • Antimicrobial Effects
    • Differences in Bioactivity Due to Mistakes in Nomenclature
    • Miscellaneous Actions
    • Conclusion
  • Science of Smell and Psychological Effects
    • Aromachology
    • Introduction to Odour and Receptors in the Brain
    • Primary Odours, Pheromones and Behavior
    • Perfumes: Their Commercial Uses
    • Physiological Responses to Essential Oils and Psychophysiology
    • Alternative or Complementary Medicine
    • Conclusion
  • The Safety Issue in Aromatherapy
    • Introduction
    • General Guidance for Essential Oil Purchase and Storage
    • Toxicity Testing in Animals
    • GRAS Status/NOELs
    • Poisonous Chemicals
    • Toxicity in Humans
    • Toxicity in Young Children: A Special Case
    • Selected Toxicities of Certain Essential Oils and Their Components
    • Abortifacient and Teratogenic Oils
    • Antifertility Oils
    • Genotoxic Oils
    • Neurotoxic Oils
    • Absolutes and Concretes
    • Phytols
    • Interactions Between Essential Oils and Conventional Medicines or Medical Conditions
    • The Phenomenon of "Quenching": True of False?
    • Possible Dangers of Novel Essential Oils and Plant Extracts
    • Dangerous Practices of Some Aromatherapists
    • 'Safe' Essential Oils and Their Toxicity
    • Possible Dangers of using Essential Oils Internally and Externally in Large Doses
    • Reporting of Adverse Effects by Aromatherapists
    • Safety Warnings in the Aromatherapy Industry
    • Legislation: Present and Future
    • Conclusion
  • Clinical Studies
    • Introduction
    • Recent Clinical Studies
    • Past Clinical Studies
    • Use of Essential Oils Mainly as Chemical Agents
    • Single-case Studies
    • Problems Arising in Aromatherapy Studies
    • Conclusion
  • Introduction to the Monographs
    • Over 65 Individidual Oil Mongraphs (Extending Approximately 245 Pages of the Book)
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix 1: Bioactivity of commercial essential oils: antibacterial and antifungal activities
  • Appendix 2: Parmacological properties of some commercial essential oils on electrically stimulated smooth muscle of guinea-pig ileum in vitro
  • Appendix 3: Pharmacological effect of selected essential oils on rat uterus compared with that on the guinea-pig ileum in vitro
  • Appendix 4 Pharmacological effect of components on rat uterus compared with that on guinea-pig ileum in vitro
  • Appendix 5: Pharmacological effects of blends of essential oils on rat uterus compared with that on guinea-pig ileum in vitro
  • Appendix 6: Correlation between 1,8-cineole content of commercial essential oils and bioactivity
  • Appendix 7: Comparison of the antibacterial and antifungal properties of selected essential oils
  • Appendix 8: Mode of adulteration of the most commonly used essential oils
  • Appendix 9: Drop volume versus weight of certain essential oils/absolutes
  • Appendix 10: Weight of one drop of essential oils using the droppers provided with the bottles
  • Appendix 11: Comparison of the actual effect of essential oils on guinea-pig ileum in vitro and the predicted effects using chemical composition and aromatherapists' predictions
  • Appendix 12: Comparison of the actual effect of essential oil blends on guinea-pig ileum and the predicted effects using chemical composition and aromatherapists' predictions
  • Appendix 13: The predicted effect (percentage of components at the retention times shown) of essential oils on guinea-pig ileum in vitro
  • Appendix 14: Psychological and physiciological effects of odours: comparison of sedative and stimulant essential oils as determined by using different parameters by different researchers
  • Appendix 15: Comparison of sedative and stimulant components as determined by using different parameters by different researchers
  • Appendix 16: Some techniques used for psychophysiological measurements in humans
  • Appendix 17: Evidence for transfer of components of essential oils into blood/brain when applied to skin, orally or by inhalation
  • Appendix 18: 'Absorption' of essential oils from the animal skin, i.e. rate of disappearance
  • Appendix 19: Common uses of essential oils
  • Appendix 20: Miscellaneous functions of essential oils according to pharmacopoeias
  • Appendix 21: Established uses of essential oils/components: conventional rather than complementary or alternative uses
  • Appendix 22: RIFM toxicological monographs
  • Appendix 23: RIFM recommended limit for safe use of essential oils
  • Appendix 24: Hazards and toxicity: CHIP
  • Appendix 25: Aspiration hazards (R65)
  • Appendix 26: Safety data: CHIP symbols explained in detail
  • Appendix 27: New 7th Amendment: European Parliament 2002
  • Appendix 28: Sensitisers and their essential oil sources
  • Appendix 29: harmful and sensitising oils (EFFA-IOFI-IFRA)
  • Appendix 30: List of banned oils/restricted oils: IFRA list
  • Appendix 31: Toxic or dangerous essential oils versus their usage as food additives
  • Appendix 32: Guide for non-scientists on making a judgement on the scientific merit of published papers on clinical studies and other research
  • Appendix 33: Some aromatherapy-related organizations
  • Index


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