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Patchouli Essential Oil

Patchouli Essential Oil Profile

Patchouli Essential Oil has many uses and offers numerous benefits, despite its aroma being an "acquired taste" (so to speak) for some. I use Patchouli Oil in skin care applications, emotionally in diffuser blends, romantically in sensual blends, spiritually at times for meditation, and in making natural personal fragrances. Try using it in low dilution and blend it with other essential oils if you find the aroma a bit overpowering or too earthy to use alone. Patchouli shines beautifully when used in synergy with other essential oils.

Patchouli Plant

Unlike most essential oils that oxidize and diminish in therapeutic and aromatic quality over time, the aroma of Patchouli Essential Oil improves with age like a fine wine.

The fragrance of Patchouli Essential Oil is rich, earthy and grounding. In perfumery and fragrancing applications, patchouli is a base note that acts as a fixative and grounds a blend. Its aroma is suitable for unisex and men's blends. It can act as an aphrodisiac. Patchouli is often associated with the hippies and the 1960s. Some individuals, therefore, hold a negative connotation of the oil, but I recommend that you keep an open mind when assessing and working with the oil. Especially in small ratios, Patchouli Oil is such a beautiful, rich, sultry oil to work with.

In skin and hair care, Patchouli Oil is a wonderful staple to keep on hand. It is helpful for most all skin types ranging from dry, cracked skin all the way to helping to regulate oily skin and acne. Those with eczema, psoriasis and dandruff have said that patchouli is especially helpful for them. Emotionally, Patchouli Essential Oil is calming and grounding. Spiritually, it has been used alone or in blends during prayer and meditation.

Patchouli Leaves

Patchouli thrives in tropical regions and can be found in Hawaii, regions of Asia and other tropical areas of the world. Patchouli is not native to where I reside in Michigan, but I have enjoyed growing it during the summer months for the past few years. For more about my experiences growing patchouli, read the AromaTalk blog post Growing Patchouli.

The Difference Between Light and Dark Patchouli Essential Oil

Traditionally, Patchouli Oil is distilled using iron stills. This leads to a darker and aromatically deeper oil. This oil sometimes is known as "Dark Patchouli Oil."

Patchouli is sometimes distilled using stainless steel stills, and the resulting oil is sometimes known as "Light Patchouli Oil" because it is lighter in color and aroma.

Not all Patchouli Oils, however, are designated as "light " or "dark " by suppliers. I have also seen some suppliers refer to Patchouli Oil as being light or dark due to its aroma or color characteristics and not due to the type of still that was used for distillation.

Botanical Name

Pogostemon cablin

Common Method of Extraction

Steam Distilled

Plant Part Typically Used

Leaves

Color

Bottle Depicting the Typical Color of Patchouli Essential Oil

Deep Golden Brown

Consistency

Medium - Thick

Perfumery Note

Base

Strength of Initial Aroma

Medium

Aromatic Description

Patchouli Essential Oil smells deep, earthy and woody.

Patchouli Essential Oil Uses

  • Acne
  • Athlete's Foot
  • Chapped Skin
  • Dermatitis
  • Eczema
  • Fatigue
  • Frigidity
  • Hair Care
  • Insect Repellent
  • Mature Skin
  • Oily Skin
  • Stress

Source: Julia Lawless, The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils (Updated Edition) (London: Harper Thorsons, 2014), 160-161.

Major Constituents of Indonesian Patchouli Oil

  • Patchouli Alcohol
  • a-Bulnesene
  • a-Guaiene
  • Seychellen
  • Gamma-Patchoulene
  • a-Patchoulene

See Essential Oil Safety for more complete list of typical constituents.

Source: K. Bruns, Ein Beitrag zur Untersuchung und Qualitatsbewertung von Patchouliol. (Parfumerie Kosmetik 59, 1978), 109-115. B.M. Lawrence, Essential Oils 1981-1987 (Wheaton: Allured Publishing, 1989), 15. B.M. Lawrence, Essential Oils 1988-1991 (Wheaton: Allured Publishing, 1993), 91.M.J. Milchard, R. Clery, N. DaCosta, et al. Application of Gas-Liquid Chromatography to the Analysis of Essential Oils. (Perfumer & Flavorist 29, 2004), 28-36. Sources cited in Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 382.

Patchouli Essential Oil Safety Information

Tisserand and Young indicate that Patchouli Oil may inhibit blood clotting and pose a drug interaction hazard. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 382.]

General Safety Information

Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. For general dilution information, read AromaWeb's Guide to Diluting Essential Oils. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. Before using this or any essential oil, carefully read AromaWeb's Essential Oil Safety Information page. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.

Shelf Life

View Shelf Life Information

Important Information About the Profiles

The essential oil information provided on AromaWeb is intended for educational purposes only. The references to safety information, constituents and percentages is generalized information. The data is not necessary complete and is not guaranteed to be accurate. The essential oil photos are intended to represent the typical and approximate color of each essential oil. However, essential oil color can vary based on harvesting, distillation, age of the essential oil and other factors. Profiles for several absolutes are included within the directory, and are denoted as such.

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